Fundamental Law on Energy Policy Measures (Japan)
14 June 2002, Law No.71
This Law sets forth the fundamental policy on energy demand and supply measures, obligations laid upon the Government and local governments, and related provisions regarded as basic principles for establishing energy demand and supply policy measures in recognition that energy is an essential factor for maintenance and improvement of the lives of the national population as well as stability and development of the national economy, and the fact that energy use has a tremendous impact on regional and global environments. By establishing these fundamental policies, obligations, and related provisions, this Law aims for long-term, comprehensive, and strategic promotion of energy demand and supply policy measures to realize maintenance of regional and global environments and sustainable development of the national and global economies.
(Maintenance of Energy Supply and Security)
1. Energy security measures shall be established on the basis that energy supply sources will be diversified, energy self-sufficiency will be improved, and energy security will be maintained in recognition of the state of the world's instabilities surrounding energy. This can be realized by reducing excessive dependency on specific regions of primary energy import such as petroleum, developing energy resources regarded as important to the nation and energy transport infrastructures, securing energy storage, promoting rational use of energy, and implementing appropriate energy-related crisis management.
2. Policy measures on energy supply sources considered significantly difficult to store and substitute by other supply sources shall be established to the effect that the supply source reliability and sustainability will be maintained.
Energy demand and supply policy measures shall be established to the effect that energy demand and supply will be realized with a view to global warming prevention and creation of sustainable societies by promoting conversion to non-fossil fuel energy use, such as solar and wind power, and rational use of fossil fuels.
(Utilization of Market Mechanisms)
Economic restructuring related policy measures on energy demand and supply such as liberalization of the energy market shall be established to the effect that manufacturers fully exercise their independence and creativity while demand-side benefits are fully assured in complete recognition of policy objectives defined in the previous two articles.
1. The Government shall establish energy demand and supply policy measures in a comprehensive manner and implement them according to the fundamental policies on energy demand and supply measures (hereinafter referred to as "Fundamental Policy") defined in Articles 2 to 4.
2. The Government shall make efforts to reduce environmental burden by taking the initiative in using environmentally friendly energy-consuming goods.
(Local Government Obligations)
1. Local governments shall establish and implement energy demand and supply policy measures according to the Fundamental Policy in compliance with Government policy measures and with due consideration to circumstances in their region.
2. Local governments shall make efforts to reduce environmental burden by taking the initiative in using environmentally friendly energy-consuming goods.
Manufacturers shall make efforts in their business operations to exercise independence and creativity, promote rational use of energy, secure sustainable energy supplies, and promote energy use that benefits regional and global environments, and shall cooperate with policy measures established by the Government and local governments.
(Efforts by the Public)
The public shall make efforts to use energy rationally and take initiatives in using renewable energy.
The Government, local governments, manufacturers, the public, and private organizations composed of those members of the public shall understand their roles and cooperate on energy demand and supply issues.
(Legislative and Other Measures)
The Government shall take legislative, financial, and other necessary measures to implement its energy demand and supply policy measures.
(Reports to the Diet)
Each year the Government shall submit summary reports to the Diet on energy demand and supply policy measures implemented.
(Fundamental Energy Plan)
1. The Government shall establish a fundamental plan on energy demand and supply (hereinafter referred to as the "Fundamental Energy Plan") to promote long-term, comprehensive, and strategic implementation of energy demand and supply policy measures.
2. The Fundamental Energy Plan defines the following items. a. A fundamental policy on energy demand and supply measures. b. Measures on energy demand and supply issues that shall be implemented in a long-term, comprehensive, and strategic manner. c. Energy-related technology and research and development activities regarded as important and related measures that shall be implemented in a long-term, comprehensive, and strategic manner. d. Provisions other than those defined in the previous three items to promote energy demand and supply policy measures that shall be implemented in a long-term, comprehensive, and strategic manner.
3. The Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry shall establish a draft Fundamental Energy Plan and solicit cabinet approval in consultation with heads of related administrative bodies and the Advisory Committee for Natural Resources and Energy.
4. The Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry shall immediately report the Fundamental Energy Plan to the Diet after it has gained the cabinet approval defined in the previous provision and publicize it.
5. The Government shall deliberate on the contents of the Fundamental Energy Plan at least every three years and amend it if necessary in recognition of current circumstances surrounding energy and results of evaluation of energy-related policy measures.
6. Provisions defined in items 3 and 4 shall apply in case of amendment of the Fundamental Energy Plan.
7. The Government shall make efforts to take necessary measures for smooth implementation of measures based on the Fundamental Energy Plan by allocating necessary funds each year in the fiscal budget within the scope of the nation's finances.
(Promotion of International Cooperation)
The Government shall make efforts to take necessary measures to promote cooperation with international energy and environmental conservation agencies, facilitate international academic exchange, encourage participation in international research and development activities, propose international joint actions, facilitate bilateral and multilateral cooperation in energy development, and encourage other international cooperation to secure the global energy demand and supply situation with a view to maintaining global environmental protection by preventing climate change caused by energy use.
(Dissemination of Energy-related Information)
The Government shall make efforts to actively publicize energy-related information to gain wider public understanding and interest through various opportunities in view of possible use of the information by non-profit organizations and take necessary measures to educate the public on appropriate energy use and disseminate related knowledge.
(Date of Implementation)
This Law shall take effect as from the promulgation date